How Did St. John Chrysostom Understand the “Wrath of God” and “Divine Punishment”?

By John Sanidopoulos St. John Chrysostom probably more than any other Father of the Church speaks about the “wrath of God” and “divine punishment”. Most who read these passages often do so through the lenses of western medieval or reformation theology, even many Orthodox Christians, who are unable to read the depths of the spirit […]

Mystery or Memorial? Sacrament or Symbol?

What is the Lord’s Supper? What is the Eucharist? Was it always understood as a Sacrament? Throughout the history of Christianity, the overwhelming majority of Christians have consistently believed that Jesus Christ, in a mystery, imparts His Body and Blood to His people though the vehicle of the Lord’s Supper. Bypassing all the Biblical references, […]

Scripture’s Role in Mystogogy (Initiation into Mystery)

by Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon The doctrine of divine providence is asserted in the biblical thesis that “all things work together for good to those who love God” (Romans 8:28). This “working together” of historical events under divine governance for particular and inter-related purposes is a mystery, in both usual senses of the word. First, […]

On the Virtue and Mystery of the Holy Sacrifice

by St. Gregory the Great And here also we have diligently to consider, that it is far more secure and safe that every man should do that for himself whiles he is yet alive, which he desires that others should do for him after his death. For far more blessed it is, to depart free […]