On Why the Patriarch of Alexandria Wears Two Epitrahilion (Priest’s Stoles)

It is called the Kritato –  ‘Stole of Judgement’ – With thanks to Fr. Mark Mancuso! Theophilos II was the Patriarch of Alexandria from 1010 to 1020. For most of his patriarchate he lived in exile in Constantinople due to the fierce persecutions in Egypt by the Islamic Fatimid Caliph Al Hakim. During this persecution, many […]

The Sole Forum Where Creation Can Examine Itself

by Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon The thinking man, if he wants his thought about freedom to be complete, must also reflect—on the basis of his own experience—that freedom is inseparable from consciousness and the conscious experience of pursuing and discerning truth. If freedom is really free, it must be part of self-reflective thought, or logos; […]

Freedom and Pentecost

What has Pentecost to do with freedom? What is freedom exactly? What is it not? by Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon When we declare that God created the Cosmos in freedom, we mean that nothing outside of God had to be. Modern philosophers seriously ask—as other philosophers, for centuries, implied—why is there something instead of nothing? […]

Attendees with Disabilities at the First Ecumenical Council

For the Sunday of the Holy Fathers. If you have parishioners with disabilities, this will encourage them. What heroes of the faith! …The General Council having thus received authority from the king, the fathers directed that there should be gradations in the assembly and that each Bishop should sit in his place according to his […]

On Birth Control

by Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon Is using birth control a sin? What do the Orthodox think? What did Catholics think? What did the Protestant Reformers think? Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon shares his thoughts on this controversial topic. Many thanks to Theoria videos for this excellent presentation.       On Birth Control

Sentenced to Life

by Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon Of the standard Greek nouns commonly translated as “life” in the New Testament, John’s Gospel uses only two: psyche and zoe. Psyche, often translated as “soul,” indicates the life or being of an individual. For example, in the sustained pastoral parable in John this is the term used when the […]

Confession in the Early Church Fathers

Yes, Virginia, the early Church practiced confession… in Church. The Early Church Fathers on Confession Here are some quotes from early church fathers which show the sacramental tradition of the Mystery of Confession’s unbroken lineage from the earliest days of the Christian church. Didache 4:14; 14:1As early as 70 AD Confess your sins in church, […]

1919: The Last Divine Liturgy in Hagia Sophia

By Anthony E. Stivaktakis It is commonly believed that the last Divine Liturgy in Hagia Sophia in Constantinople took place on May 28, 1453. However, the last Divine Liturgy to really take place in Hagia Sophia was on the 19th of January in 1919, which was officiated by Papa Lefteris Noufrakis (1872-1941) from Rethymno, Crete. […]