The High Christology of the Pre-Pauline Church Creeds

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The primitive Church was far from primitive in their understanding, and expression, of Christology.by Fr. Patrick Henry ReardonThe most primitive confessional formulas of Christology (those preserved, for instance, in Romans 1:3-4 and Galatians 4.4) continued to shape the Church's understanding of Jesus through the second century (Justin and Irenaeus, for instance). This pattern continued into the ... More...

The Song of the Sacraments

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by Fr.  Patrick Henry ReardonOur English word "time" bears a double burden, which in more sensible languages (like Italian) is carried by two different nouns. Thus, our "time" can mean a point in time: an instance or event (Italian volta). Our English "time" can also mean something fluid: a passage of time, or time in sequence (Italian tempo). In biblical Greek (another sensible language), time ... More...

The Potted Creed in the Book of Romans

dart hit the dead centre of target

by Fr. Patrick Henry ReardonAn adequate theological analysis of the Incarnation must devote some attention to the Greek verb gignomai normally translated as "to become." Most often in biblical narratives this verb is used in an impersonal sense, egeneto ("it happened"), the equivalent of the Hebrew ve-yahi.When it refers to the Incarnate Word, however, this verb often indicates a change of ... More...

What the Apostle Paul Learned When He Joined the Church

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by Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon Several decades ago, when our family was still Episcopalian, a new parishioner remarked that I seemed to have a "high Christology." Responding to my comment that I had no idea what he was talking about, he explained that a high Christology believes in Jesus' pre-existence as God's Son. A "low Christology," on the other hand, believes that the human being Jesus was ... More...

Betrayal with Kisses – What the Love of Silver Hath Wrought

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by Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon If Delilah was even half as pretty as Hedy Lamarr, who played her in Cecil B. DeMilles' 1949 film, it is easy to see why Samson was fascinated. Fascinated too, over the centuries, were those many readers of Holy Scripture who found in the tragic romance of Delilah and the Danite the stuff of (as Milton remarks on the subject) "Acts enroll'd/ In copious Legend, or ... More...