The Potted Creed in the Book of Romans

by Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon An adequate theological analysis of the Incarnation must devote some attention to the Greek verb gignomai normally translated as “to become.” Most often in biblical narratives this verb is used in an impersonal sense, egeneto (“it happened”), the equivalent of the Hebrew ve-yahi. When it refers to the Incarnate Word, […]

Dynamic of Salvation or Eternal Decree?

by Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon Since the understanding of anything—according to Aristotle—consists in the discernment of its cause, man’s freedom cannot be understood, for the simple reason that a free choice is its own cause. It is impossible, therefore, to trace the effect to the cause. Like a tautological proposition, freedom’s predicate is contained in […]

Paul On Providence And Predestination

by Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon Augustine’s Mistake (or we could say ‘Calvin’s Confusion’) is one of the deepest and most tragic blunders in the history of theology. Toward the end of a long reflection on the Holy Spirit—Romans 8—the Apostle Paul introduces the theme of Divine Providence, the profoundly mysterious influence God brings to bear […]

The Key to Unlocking Romans

by Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon Senior Editor of Touchstone Magazine, and archpriest of All Saints Orthodox Church in Chicago, IL, Fr. Patrick is, perhaps, the most erudite writer in the Orthodox Church in North America today. This article, one of his Pastoral Ponderings, was published by Because it appears first in his corpus–and is […]