The Meaning of Ritual

by Fr. Paul Jannakos Anyone the least bit familiar with the Orthodox Church knows that repetition is a key feature of its worship. We do things over and over again, and then, we do it yet again – one more time. As we find in the Little Litany, “Again and again in peace, let us […]

Symbolism, Ritual and Revelation: Part 4

The Errors of Those Who Ignore the Liturgists by Archbishop Lazar Puhalo When we mention “liturgists,” many people think of those whom we used to call “typikon commandos.” There was a humorous reference to them, “What is the difference between a terrorist and a typikon expert? You can negotiate with a terrorist.” This is not […]

Symbolism, Ritual and Revelation: Part 3

Symbolism and Neuroplasticity: the work of the mind in the brain. by Archbishop Lazar Puhalo This essay is not being written for every level of reader. It is intended to respond to a stream of rationalism which is drawing a kind of Episcopalization or Anglican style “liturgical reform” movement within the Orthodox Church. There are […]

Symbolism, Ritual and Revelation: Part 2

The Human Need For Symbolism and Ritual by Archbishop Lazar Puhalo Recently, near our monastery, a seventeen years old girl was killed in an auto accident. She had been speeding and lost control of her car. By evening, there were dozens of candles burning beneath the tree into which she had crashed. Mounds of flowers, […]

Symbolism, Ritual and Revelation: Part 1

Valid icons consist in types and symbols, not in interpretations of reality by the fallen human mind. All elements of a canonical icon are symbolic and contain a profound revelation; there are no naturalistic elements in this Liturgical art.